What constitutes marriage — Spouse defined.
Marriage is a personal relation arising out of a civil contract between one man and one woman to which the consent of the parties is essential. The marriage relation may be entered into, maintained, annulled, or dissolved only as provided by law. A spouse refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife.
(North Dakota Statute section 14-03-01)
Attorney General Opinion, No. 2004-L-59 (Sept. 23, 2004)
(RE: Constitutional Measure #1 to Define Marriage)
Approved by the electorate on November 2, 2004:
Marriage consists only of the legal union between a man and a woman. No other domestic union, however denominated, may be recognized as a marriage or given the same or substantially equivalent legal effect.
Currently no applicable litigation